The Beecroft Cheltenham Civic Trust: early years
The catalyst for the establishment of the Beecroft Cheltenham Civic Trust (BCCT) was a Sydney County Council (SCC) plan in 1963 to destroy a row of trees in order to erect poles for high tension electricity mains. Nearby residents began a campaign to save the trees, appealing to the SCC and running a public campaign involving local members of Parliament. A compromise was reached which saved the trees.
This experience led Mr E J Richards, to propose the formation of a Civic Trust. He had knowledge of the work of the English Civic Trust, founded in 1957. That organisation was created “to champion Britain’s rich heritage of historic buildings and places” as there were many plans for unsuitable developments in the years following World War 2. The BCCT is the oldest of the civic trusts in Australia, pre-dating the Paddington Society by a matter of months.
According to Robyn Rowlands, a foundation committee member and later Treasurer of the BCCT, the interests of the first committee members were varied. Prime movers E.J.Richards and F.R.Barnett were very concerned to preserve the village character of Beecroft. John Noble was already involved, with a few friends, in removing privet and other weeds in the Beecroft Reserve. Marie Byles and her brother, Baldur Byles, were active conservationists. Both John Noble and Marie Byles had already led walks through the local bushland to promote the value of these wild areas. Robyn Rowlands and her husband Owen, who lived close to Beecroft Reserve, but on the Epping side, were concerned at rubbish being dumped by residents in the reserve and decided to attend the first public meeting when it was announced in The Northern District Times.
According to Robyn Morrow, her father W.H. (Bill) Matthews believed the new organisation could have the dual function of preserving both the built and natural environment of the area. He was strongly “anti-development” and said, “We got in just before the power of the developers got so strong and we were able to influence Council”. The Constitution of the Beecroft Cheltenham Civic Trust thus reflected the varied concerns of the early committee members who wrote it. The first object of the Trust, expressed in its constitution, is “The preservation of the existing village character and the natural beauty of Beecroft and Cheltenham”.
At the initial public meeting in 1964, E.J. Richards was elected President. Marie Byles and Bill Matthews were elected Vice-Presidents. The first Secretary was F.R. Barnett and R.A.L. Green was elected Treasurer. Shirley Manion, who accompanied her neighbour to the first meeting, after receiving a flyer in her letterbox, found herself elected to the committee, along with Robyn Rowlands, John Noble, M.A. Brown, R. Kingsford-Smith, DW Pulsford and E.B. Penman.
Australia’s flood of post-war migrants needed housing. Local Councils had to make decisions on many development applications without the necessary level of legislation that could guide that decision-making. While Don Evans, a Hornsby Shire Councillor for C riding and a Beecroft resident, was supportive of the BCCT’s aims, as was Mr Max Ruddock, another Councillor, Don Tulloch, referred to the BCCT as “The Anti-Progress Association” according to Robyn Rowland. At the time Hornsby Council did not publish its decisions, so committee members resolved to create a roster of members to attend Council meetings and report on proposals before Council that affected the district. They could then prepare to lobby for favourable outcomes.
In New South Wales the importance of heritage and the need to preserve it was rising. In other parts of Sydney and across the state organisations were formed in the 1960s with aims similar to the BCCT. The others still surviving include the Paddington Society, also formed in 1964 and the Balmain Association, formed in 1965. Influential in raising the need to recognise and protect heritage was the NSW branch of the National Trust of Australia, founded in 1945. Another significant event soon afterward the creation of these citizens’ groups was the ‘Green Bans’, a movement whereby community groups enlisted the help of the Builders Labourers’ Federation to place bans on building work on sites that local groups were convinced would create unsuitable developments. The first campaign preserved Kelly’s Bush in Hunters Hill. The most notable campaign was saving The Rocks as a heritage precinct.
In 1968 a Civic Trusts Council of NSW was formed with membership from the following Associations: Avalon Preservation Society; Balmain Association; Beecroft Cheltenham Civic Trust; Central Coast Civic Trust; Paddington Society; Parramatta Trust; West Pennant Hills Civic Trust. Mr W H Matthews of the Beecroft Cheltenham Civic Trust became the first President of this Association.
The BCCT came under its greatest risk of fracture when the dual goals of preserving the natural environment as well as the village character of Beecroft were tested during the Greiner government’s proposal in the 1990s to construct the M2 motorway. Local member, Bruce Baird, was also the NSW Roads Minister. Many residents were very concerned about the adverse effects of traffic on suburban streets. Because of population growth in the Hills District, heavy peak hour traffic streamed through formerly quiet Beecroft thoroughfares such as Sutherland Road. Other residents who valued the Beecroft and Cheltenham reserves were strongly opposed to their destruction for this major road project.
The BCCT regularly holds each year a Spring and Autumn walk and public meetings on interests relevant to development in the area or to meet the candidates in election campaigns. It regularly lodges submissions on development applications within the 2119 postcode area. Until about 2019 it produced a hard copy bulletin that was delivered to all householders in the 2119 postcode and since that date distributes an email version to anyone who subscribes.
Two successful campaigns of the BCCT within the last decade included firstly the re-zoning of Beecroft to allow for unit development. The campaign led to, amongst other things a greater set back of buildings along Chapman Avenue and the planting of trees as a condition of development approval. The second was the building of lifts at Beecroft Railway Station. An on-going present campaign is about the restoration of bush within the Beecroft Reserve that had been used to build an extension to the motorway.
For almost 50 years the BCCT has survived and continues the fight to retain the inherited character of Beecroft and Cheltenham.
Presidents of the Civic Trust have been:
1964-65 E J Richards
1968-69 GC Addison
Jim Van Dore
1992-93 Ken Cregan
1993-96 Rod Howard
1997-98 Elizabeth (Betty) Grant
1999 Raymond (Bob) Raymond
2003 David White
2006-08 Carolyn Watt
2009-10 Colin Johnston
2011-13 Michael Stove
2013-14 Roderick (Rod) Best PSM
2015-17 Kent Ross
2018-21 Ross Walker AOM
2021 Julie Zeitler